How I Do My Food Photography

My passion for photography goes back to my freshman year of high school when I took a photography class. I wasn’t even supposed to be able to get into the class. My school let us choose three electives and then they used some secret algorithm to create everyone’s schedules. Photography was very much a high demand class and freshman got last priority. I’ve always thought I got in because of a dumb algorithm. Photography was my third choice. I think because I didn’t get my first or second choice I had to get my third and it didn’t matter that I was a freshman being put in one of the most sought after classes. According to this algorithm, freshman had to get the class they wanted least.

Photography class was such a great experience. We had a darkroom. Two darkrooms, actually. One that was pitch black used for developing film, and one that had dim amber lights. In that room we used projectors and photo paper to create black and white photos. There were all sorts of rumors about things that went on in the film developing room, but I’ll leave you to guess about what high school students might do when left alone together in a pitch black room.

Photography has changed so much in the decade and half since then. Digital cameras were just coming out back then. My dad had one that was a half megapixel, and pretty expensive. As a high school freshman I read the Ansel Adams series of photography books. Everything in them was still relevant at the time. I looked at them again last year and almost nothing was. These books by the great master that once fascinated me were sadly dated and nearly unreadable. Even so, I got into digital photography early because we had a scanner and good photo editing software. I used to scan in all of my prints from school.

I’ve toyed with the idea of being a professional photographer. I wanted to do travel photography for a while. I’ve done a pretty good amount of wedding and portrait photography for money. But food photography didn’t interest me for a very long time. I tend to gravitate toward photography that involves found scenes, rather than setups. I think that is because of the disappointment that comes from a poor setup. I was so easily discouraged whenever I would dabble with food photography and I quickly decided it was not for me.

But then the idea for Indiaphile happened. If you know me at all, then you know how difficult it is for me to pass up an opportunity to learn something new. I took on the challenge of food photography precisely because I knew I was so bad at it, and the opportunity to learn was presenting itself.

Learning food photography was like starting over. Contrary to my expectations, lighting didn’t seem to be as forgiving as in portraiture. I still don’t know why that is. I resisted using a softbox in the beginning, opting for the less bulky umbrellas, until I finally just pulled it out and used it to capture a mushroom picture that I’m still really pleased with myself over.

Cutting Mushrooms
This mushroom picture was a turning point for the blog. I had a specific look I wanted from the picture. And I finally broke down and setup my Apollo softbox instead of trying to make the umbrellas I had been using work.

I don’t think I’m the best food photographer on the internet. Far from it. But I am pleased with my progress and proud of quite a few of my photos. And I think even if you are a good food photographer, if you are as self-taught I am, there are probably a few things I can share that can help you.

I can’t go into everything on this post, it’s already getting too long. So to begin I want to talk about what I do that is different than what most food bloggers do… off-camera lighting.

I don’t always use off-camera lighting. In fact, for food photography I prefer to use natural light whenever possible. It’s faster, less of a hassle and I tend to get better light with it. But it often isn’t possible because we cook too late, or it’s a cloudy day and our apartment doesn’t let in enough light to work with. I very much dislike shooting food at a high ISO, and I rarely use a tripod. Tripods don’t give me enough freedom and I don’t have one that can shoot down from over the food. Off-camera lighting is my solution.

I use techniques that I learned mainly from Strobist. I also read a lot of great books on the subject. If you are interested in off-camera lighting, I would recommend any or all of these:

I think every photographer should learn off-camera lighting at some point, even if they are not going to pursue it. It’s another approach to the most important subject in photography (light). The more you understand light, the better a photographer you are. I seriously believe learning off-camera lighting has made me a better natural light photographer. Being forced to control light helps me to have a better understanding of it, even when I am not able to control it in the same ways.

A few months back I talked a friend into getting into off-camera lighting techniques and I made her this shopping list (which I can proudly say she followed):

I’m writing too much already for one post. But I’d like to share a basic setup I did today to give you a preview of the subject. Puja is working on a dish that uses raw mangos (raw as in unripened). Her parents just gave us a half dozen. So I took some pictures. I still had enough light (just barely, had to shoot at iso 1600 and wide open). I did some with natural light coming through our window, some with the flash using the softbox and one with my cell phone because I’ve always wanted to see how good of results I can get on a cell phone camera with a good setup.

Raw mangoes under natural light
Raw mangoes under natural light
Raw mangoes under off-camera flash
Taken with off-camera flash and my Apollo softbox. Most of the photos on this site prior to about May were taken with a similar setup.
Mangoes taken by cell phone and natural light
This photo was taken with my cell phone. The quality was lower than I had expected, but with a little photoshopping I was able to get a pretty decent photo out of it. What really matters is the light you start with.
Off camera flash setup
The off-camera flash setup with the Apollo Softbox. My canon speedlight is in there triggered by cowboy studio triggers. There is a white poster board to the right that provides fill light. As usual, I’ve got the flash set at manual, 1/4 power.

Mangoes natural light setup
Puja is demonstrating the setup we used for the mangoes in natural light. She holds up the reflector which provides the main source of light. The white poster board you see on the right acts as the reflector. The window light is also large enough to provide a soft overall fill to the back and top.Xar, as usual, is wondering what sort of ridiculousness the humans are up to again.

Canon flash and trigger
My Canon Speedlight, a 580exII. Very powerful, fully featured. Although it has been replaced by the 600ex-rt which can be radio triggered if you have a camera that can do it. If not, you can use the inexpensive cowboy studio triggers like the one pictured next to it.
Sigma flash
This flash is basically as good as the Canon Speedlight, talks to my camera exactly as the Canon does and costs less than half as much. The instructions are poor and the controls are pretty bad too, but totally worth the trade-off.

I could really go on and on about this stuff. There is so much I haven’t even begun to cover. I wanted to give the basics on how to shoot in manual mode with a flash, how to setup your lighting and so forth. But that’s going to have to wait for another time, hopefully very soon! In the meantime, I’d love if you’d throw a question or two at me so I know where to go with this stuff!


  1. Thank you so much, Steve, for sharing your knowledge about food photography with us. I love your photos on this blog, and as a food photographer myself I share many of your approaches to the subject (indeed, the hardest job in this seems to find the right balance between staged settings and natural atmosphere, that’s my experience as well).

    I also use natural light as often as I can. I found out, that even on cloudy days when light is not that bright, the atmosphere in a photo can be very interesting due to this very reason, it get’s a bit mystic that way (provided that a tripod is used as it allows to increase shutter speed instead of ISO – but you are right, tripods limit spontaneous moves around the food a lot ;-)).

    Hope to read more of your experience – best greetings from Berlin!

    1. Thanks Claudia. I’m glad to see you were interested. Maybe I will do a few more posts along these lines. When I wrote this I wasn’t really thinking it would interest the more experienced food bloggers out there but now that I think about it I would love to read about how others such as yourself do it too!

      1. You are so right, it’s interesting both to write and to read about food blog photography, like with recipes as well, having some exchange about it. I have written something half a year ago as a contribution to a blog event in the German blogosphere (which is quite small compared to the U.S. blogosphere) about food photography equipment. Maybe I find the time somewhen to translate it.

    1. Thanks Kiersten. I love to see other people’s setups, like the one you posted recently! We moved our dining table up against our window a few weeks ago so we could shoot more like the way your do it there. It’s still not ideal but I should try using my tripod again. It’s not a very good one. Yours looks like it would be very good for making fine adjustments. Do you like it? What kind is it?

  2. I see you used a proper reflector (which by the way is really good) but how about the white cardboards; I say they are cheap adn you can pretty much use the clamps for the cases when you do not have a help availabell to hold it!
    All in all nice tricks 🙂

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